Research

Fake Narratives in Times of Presidential Elections: How Hybrid War Reshapes The Agenda of Ukrainian TV

Author: Anastasiia Grynko, PhD Fieldwork and Coding: Artem Laptiiev For ‘Stop Fake’ January-February 2019 Introduction Ukraine has been placed in the center of hybrid war since Russian occupation of Crimea and the war in Donbas[1]. Forgeries, or fake news, manufactured by Kremlin for political and military purposes,  have been dissiminated inside and outside of Russia targeting various states and audiences. Fake news have been widely defined as manipulative information in

Disinformation and ‘fake news’: Final Report by House of Commons

By House of Commons, UK Parliament Summary This is the Final Report in an inquiry on disinformation that has spanned over 18 months, covering individuals’ rights over their privacy, how their political choices might be affected and influenced by online information, and interference in political elections both in this country and across the world—carried out by malign forces intent on causing disruption and confusion. We have used the powers of

Robotrolling 2019. Issue 1

By NATO Strategic Communication Centre of Excellence Executive summary This report presents top-level findings from the first research project to systematically track and measure the scale of inauthentic activity on the Russian social network VK. On VK, a vocal core consisting of loyal news media, pro-Kremlin groups, and bots and trolls dominates the conversation about NATO. The volume of material from this core group is such, that overall genuine users

Propaganda narratives most often appeared in online media – the first results of monitoring the coverage of presidential elections in Ukraine

On Monday, February 18, a coalition of CSOs consisting of “The Commission on Journalism Ethics”, “Human Rights Platform”, “Ukrainian Media and Communications Institute” and “StopFake” with the support of the Council of Europe* presented the first interim results of independent public monitoring of media coverage of the Presidential pre-election campaign in Ukraine were presented to the public. The monitoring covered the  period of 14 January – 3 February 2019. Since

Coverage of the Kerch Strait incident in Czech, Hungarian and Slovak media

By Katarína Klingová, Lóránt Györi, Jonáš Syrovátka, for GLOBSEC On November 25 2018 Russian naval forces rammed, fired shots at and then seized Ukrainian vessels and their crews after they purportedly entered Russia’s twelve-mile territorial zone within the Kerch Strait. The incident heightened tensions between the Russian Federation and Ukraine following Moscow’s unlawful annexation of Crimea in 2014. It also highlighted the tense legal status of the Strait and Azov Sea,

Hybrid threats: Analysis of content, callenges posed and measures to overcome

By Eitvydas Bajarūnas and Vytautas Keršanskas, for Sciendo Volume/Issue: Volume 16: Issue 1 First Online: 11 Jan 2019 Page Count: 123–170 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/lasr-2018-0006 Abstract The study analyses, in both theoretical and practical aspects, the topic of hybrid warfare and threats that have become particularly relevant after Russia’s war in Ukraine. First, the authors examine the theoretical debates, concerning the definition of hybrid threats by singling out its main elements and

Strategic Analysis: Going Beyond Resilience. A revitalised approach to countering hybrid threats

By Heine Sørensen & Dorthe Bach Nyemann, for HybridCOE Strategic Analysis January 8, 2019 “Whereas resilience is a necessary building block in creating a coherent strategy towards Russia, it is nevertheless insufficient when it comes to deterring Russia from unwanted ads”, writes Heine Sørensen and Dorthe Bach Nyemann from the Institute for Strategy at the Royal Danish Defence College. Download By Heine Sørensen & Dorthe Bach Nyemann, for HybridCOE

Russian influence operations on Twitter

By Alex Krasodomski-Jones, Carl Miller, Jamie Bartlett Josh Smith, Agnès Chauvet, for Demos On 17 October 2018 Twitter released two previously unseen datasets: nine million tweets from accounts that Twitter believes to be controlled by the Russian Internet Research Agency (IRA). This short paper lays out an attempt to measure how much activity from Russian state-operated accounts released in the dataset made available by Twitter was targeted at the United Kingdom. Finding

Checking facts and fighting back: Why journalists should defend their profession

By Raymond J. Pingree, Brian Watson, Mingxiao Sui, Kathleen Searles, Nathan P. Kalmoe, Joshua P. Darr, Martina Santia, Kirill Bryanov Published: December 10, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208600 Abstract Bias accusations have eroded trust in journalism to impartially check facts. Traditionally journalists have avoided responding to such accusations, resulting in an imbalanced flow of arguments about the news media. This study tests what would happen if journalists spoke up more in defense of

Chaos as a strategy: Putin’s “Promethean” Gamble

By Donald N. Jensen, Peter B. Doran, for CEPA 15 November 2018 Can Vladimir Putin’s nonlinear strategy succeed against the West? For all of Russia’s weaknesses as a Great Power, the Kremlin increasingly is willing to take risks—sometimes recklessly—to balance its disadvantages against the relative power of Western competitors like the United States. Risk taking is a dangerous business for any state—declining or otherwise. But what if the Kremlin believed that

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