Research

“Rated false”: Here’s the most interesting new research on fake news and fact-checking

By Denise-Marie Ordway, for NiemanLab Journalist’s Resource sifts through the academic journals so you don’t have to. Here they collect the best of 2019, including research into the effectiveness of fact-checking, why people are susceptible to fake news, and the changing volume of misinformation on social media. Editor’s note: There’s a lot of interesting academic research going on in digital media — but who has time to sift through all

Handbook on сountering Russian and Chinese шnterference in Europe

By European Values Analysis of the texts of annual intelligence reports has proven what the European Values Center for Security Policy has been claiming for years. The hostile influence operations are not a random occurrence, nor are they a phenomenon that concerns a few countries only. In fact, our research has uncovered a broad consensus among the intelligence agencies in terms of existing tactics and tools applied by Russia and

Trusting the news media in the Trump era

By Jeffrey Gottfried, Galen Stocking, Elizabeth Grieco, Mason Walker, Maya Khuzam and Amy Mitchell, for Pew Research Center Partisan dynamics overshadow other factors in Americans’ evaluations of the news media It is no secret that, in an information environment characterized by deep tensions between President Donald Trump and national news organizations, Americans are divided in their trust of the news media. A new Pew Research Center exploration of more than

Men and white people believe the news is less reliable now than it was in the past. Women and people of color think it’s gotten more reliable.

By Laura Hazard Owen, for NiemanLab Different groups of Americans perceive news very differently: It depends on your race, gender, age, education level, and political affiliation, according to a new RAND survey of 2,543 Americans ages 21 and older. The research is part of RAND’s ongoing “Truth Decay” research. There’s plenty here that won’t be surprising to people who’ve followed research from Pew and others: People who rely primarily on

How social media companies are failing to combat inauthentic behaviour online

By Sebastian Bay, Rolf Fredheim, for NATO Strategic Communication Centre of Excellence Download publication file (2.77 MB) EXECUTIVE SUMMARY From the 2014 invasion of Ukraine to more recent attempts to interfere in democratic elections, antagonists seeking to influence their adversaries have turned to social media manipulation. At the heart of this practice is a flourishing market dominated by Manipulation Service Providers (MSPs) based in Russia. Buyers range from individuals to

Understanding and reducing the spread of misinformation online

Authors: Gordon Pennycook, Ziv Epstein, Mohsen Mosleh, Antonio Arechar, Dean Eckles, David Rand Abstract The spread of false and misleading news on social media is of great societal concern. Why do people share such content, and what can be done about it? In a first survey experiment (N=1,015), we demonstrate a disconnect between accuracy judgments and sharing intentions: even though true headlines are rated as much more accurate than false

Students’ civic online reasoning: a national portrait

By Stanford History Education Group & Gibson Consulting Preferred Citation Breakstone, J., Smith, M., Wineburg, S., Rapaport, A., Carle, J., Garland, M., & Saavedra, A. (2019). Students’ civic online reasoning: A national portrait. Stanford History Education Group & Gibson Consulting. https://purl.stanford.edu/gf151tb4868 Collection Graduate School of Education Open Archive Access conditions Use and reproduction User agrees that, where applicable, content will not be used to identify or to otherwise infringe the

MEDIACY: A way to enrich media literacy

By Eva Berger, Robert K. Logan, Anat Ringel, Andrey Miroshnichenko, for Journal of Media Literacy Education Eva Berger, College of Management Academic StudiesFollowRobert K. Logan, University of TorontoFollowAnat Ringel, College of Management Academic StudiesFollowAndrey Miroshnichenko, York University Abstract We propose that the discipline or practice of media literacy defined as the ability to access, analyze, evaluate and create media in a variety of forms can be enriched and made more

The Global Disinformation Order: 2019 Global inventory of organised social media manipulation

By Computational Propaganda Research Project Over the past three years, we have monitored the global organization of social media manipulation by governments and political parties. Our 2019 report analyses the trends of computational propaganda and the evolving tools, capacities, strategies, and resources. 1. Evidence of organized social media manipulation campaigns which have taken place in 70 countries, up from 48 countries in 2018 and 28 countries in 2017. In each

Russian Media in Germany: Independent Journalism or Political Instrument?

By Institute for Statecraft Contents Preface Information as a Weapon 2. The Russian Media: Instrument to Influence Politics and Society Abroad 3. The Russian Media Network in Germany 3.1. RT Deutsch and Ruptly TV 3.2. Rossiya Segodnya and Sputnik Deutschland 3.3. Special Weapons: Trolls and the Internet Research Agency 4. Elements of the Disinformation Campaign 4.1. Distortion of Facts and Fake News 4.2. Countering Criticism by Counter-Criticism 4.3. Stigmatisation of

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