Checking facts and fighting back: Why journalists should defend their profession

By Raymond J. Pingree, Brian Watson, Mingxiao Sui, Kathleen Searles, Nathan P. Kalmoe, Joshua P. Darr, Martina Santia, Kirill Bryanov Published: December 10, 2018 Abstract Bias accusations have eroded trust in journalism to impartially check facts. Traditionally journalists have avoided responding to such accusations, resulting in an imbalanced flow of arguments about the news media. This study tests what would happen if journalists spoke up more in defense of

Chaos as a strategy: Putin’s “Promethean” Gamble

By Donald N. Jensen, Peter B. Doran, for CEPA 15 November 2018 Can Vladimir Putin’s nonlinear strategy succeed against the West? For all of Russia’s weaknesses as a Great Power, the Kremlin increasingly is willing to take risks—sometimes recklessly—to balance its disadvantages against the relative power of Western competitors like the United States. Risk taking is a dangerous business for any state—declining or otherwise. But what if the Kremlin believed that

How to boost the Western response to Russian hostile influence operations

By Jakub Janda, for European View Abstract The Russian Federation has become a rogue state in international relations, invading and occupying the territories of three European countries (Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine), waging war in the Ukrainian territory, producing massive disinformation campaigns against the West, threatening the Baltic republics, and interfering in various elections and referendums. Despite Russia’s aggressive behaviour, the West’s response to it has been significantly limited, particularly when

Smearing Sweden: International Influence Campaigns in the 2018 Swedish Election

By Chloe Colliver, Peter Pomerantsev, Anne Applebaum, Jonathan Birdwell, for ISD October 2018 This report presents the findings of a project that investigated foreign attempts to influence the 2018 Swedish elections online. The project revealed the relative isolation of the Swedish far-right online, with few internationally coordinated efforts identified in the Swedish election information ecosystem. Online Scandinavian far-right networks made some attempts to seed disinformation and hate campaigns in Sweden

Nitin Agarwal, Kiran Kumar Bandeli. Examining strategic integration of social media platforms in disinformation campaign coordination

By NATO Stratcom Centre of Excellence Download publication file (2.54 MB) Social media platforms are widely used for sharing information. Although social media use is generally benign, such platforms can also be used for a variety of malicious activities, including the dissemination of propaganda, hoaxes, and fake news to influence the public. The availability of inexpensive and ubiquitous mass communication tools has made such malicious activity much more convenient and effective.

Disinformation, ‘fake news’ and influence campaigns on Twitter

By Knight Foundation DOWNLOAD PDF THIS STUDY IS ONE OF THE LARGEST ANALYSES TO DATE ON HOW FAKE NEWS SPREAD ON TWITTER BOTH DURING AND AFTER THE 2016 ELECTION CAMPAIGN. Using tools and mapping methods from Graphika, a social media int­elligence firm, we study more than 10 million tweets from 700,000 Twitter accounts that linked to more than 600 fake and conspiracy news outlets. Crucially, we study fake and conspiracy news

Americans feel they can best distinguish news from opinion in local TV news; worst, online news sites and social media

By Christine Schmidt, for NiemanLab Only 43 percent of Americans find it easy to distinguish opinion from news on digital news sites or social media, according to a survey from the American Press Institute. But the job gets easier when they’re consuming media from publications they’re most familiar with. Earlier this year, API asked Americans about their relationship with the news media, polling both the public about journalists and journalists about the

Fakes Debunked by the StopFake Project between 2014-2017: Narratives and Sources

This analytical report includes the results of research conducted by StopFake analysts based on archived data of debunked messages from Russian media. The StopFake project debunked over a thousand fake news stories about Ukraine in the first four years since it was launched. In this research, we present the results of quantitative analysis of fake news debunked by the StopFake team. Using content analysis, StopFake indexed collected materials by source

Russia’s Use of Media and Information Operations in Turkey

By Katherine Costello, for RAND Copyright: RAND Corporation Availability: Web-Only Pages: 19 DOI: 10.7249/PE278 Document Number: PE-278-A Year: 2018 Series: Perspectives Russian media have sought to undermine Turkey’s political and security cooperation with the United States and Europe by exacerbating mutual skepticism and highlighting policy differences. In Turkey, Russian media have also contributed to anti-American discourse and have reinforced and informed the Turkish government’s own propaganda pursuits. This analysis assesses how Russia has used media and information operations

Americans expect to get their news from social media, but they don’t expect it to be accurate

By Christine Schmidt, for NiemanLab Forty-two percent of Democrats say the news they get on social media has helped their understanding of current events, compared to 24 percent of Republicans who say the same thing. Lots of news on social media? Yep. Lots of accurate news on social media? Nope: That’s the mindset of the typical U.S. news consumer in 2018, according to a new Pew Research Center report on news use

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