Research

The Russian “Firehose of falsehood” propaganda model: why It might work and options to counter it

Since its 2008 incursion into Georgia (if not before), there has been a remarkable evolution in Russia’s approach to propaganda. The country has effectively employed new dissemination channels and messages in support of its 2014 annexation of the Crimean peninsula, its ongoing involvement in the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria, and its antagonism of NATO allies. The Russian propaganda model is high-volume and multichannel, and it disseminates messages without regard

Isolation and Propaganda: The Roots and Instruments of Russia’s Information Campaign

The DGAP’s Stefan Meister develops for Washington’s Transatlantic Academy the topic of Russia’s “soft,” non-military influence on the post-Soviet sphere and the European Union. Instruments include Russian export media such as the television broadcaster RT and the media platform Sputnik, the targeted expansion of informal financial networks, and funding and support for left- and right-wing populist political parties and organizations. This text updates and expands an article published last year

The “Return of Stalin”: Understanding the Surge of Historical Politics in Russia

(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) At the beginning of this year, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov published an article in Russia in Global Affairs explaining the recent radical changes in Russia’s foreign policy. Instead of dealing with the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century, however, Lavrov devoted his article to Russia’s thousand-year history. His boss, President Vladimir Putin, has similarly engaged in historical discussion, often as a way to link state

Fog of Falsehood: Russian Strategy of Deception and the Conflict in Ukraine

  Published 10.5.2016 Katri Pynnöniemi & András Rácz (eds.) The Finnish Institute of International Affairs Download PDF (1.24 Mb) This report analyses Russian propaganda and disinformation – here collectively called strategic deception – concerning the conflict in Ukraine. The strategic deception is not exclusively a Russian term, but it does capture what we think is an essential feature of the current Russian foreign and security policy. It is driven by

A perversion of soft power

A Review of Putin’s Propaganda Machine. Soft power and Russian foreign policy. By: Marcel Van Herpen. Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, Maryland, USA, 2016. In July 2009, a few months after the inauguration of US President Barack Obama, a letter was published to the new American president in the Polish daily Gazeta Wyborcza. Signed by current and former heads of states and leading intellectuals from Central and Eastern Europe, the letter

Kremlin Propaganda: Soviet Active Measures by Other Means

Upcoming in Estonian Journal of Military Studies, the journal of the Estonian National Defense College (ENDC)  By Yevhen Fedchenko ABSTRACT This article traces the evolution of Russian propaganda as part of active measures from Soviet times  through Russian occupation of Crimea and the war against Ukraine in Donbas  as the climax in use of propaganda and media manipulations. Fakes and forgeries are a part of active measures conducted by the Kremlin

How has Russia Weaponized Information?

In CEPA’s latest report, Edward Lucas and Ben Nimmo describe the Kremlin’s ongoing disinformation campaign to subvert both international onlookers and its domestic population. CEPA Infowar Paper No. 1 describes the mechanisms Russia has employed to distort information during the Ukraine crisis, highlighting their sophistication, intensity, and range. Policymakers in the United States and Europe, distracted by issues such as migration, economic upheaval, unrest in the Middle East, and heightened

The Menace of Unreality: How the Kremlin Weaponizes Information, Culture and Money

This is a Special Report on the Kremlin’s information war presented by The Interpreter, a project of the Institute of Modern Russia. Executive summary The Kremlin Tool Kit • The Kremlin exploits the idea of freedom of information to inject disinformation into society. The effect is not to persuade (as in classic public diplomacy) or earn credibility but to sow confusion via conspiracy theories and proliferate falsehoods. • The Kremlin is

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