Understanding Russian “Hybrid Warfare” and what can be done about it

By Christopher S. Chivvis, RAND Testimony presented before the House Armed Services Committee on March 22, 2017. This report is part of the RAND Corporation testimony series. RAND testimonies record testimony presented by RAND associates to federal, state, or local legislative committees; government-appointed commissions and panels; and private review and oversight bodies.- Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered

Countering Information War Lessons Learned from NATO and Partner Countries: Recommendations and Conclusions

By Daniel Milo and Katarína Klingová, Globsec Policy Institute “Russia is waging the most amazing information warfare blitzkrieg we have ever seen in the history of information warfare.“ Gen. Philip Breedlove, NATO Wales summit, September 2014. In 2013, General Valery Gerasimov published an article, now know famously as “Gerasimov’s Doctrine”, which defined information warfare as the combination of electronic warfare, cyberwarfare and psychological operations into a single, coordinated military effort.

Hybrid Warfare in the Baltics: Threats and Potential Responses

By Andrew Radin, RAND Many policymakers and analysts have expressed concerns about Russian use of “hybrid warfare,” especially against Estonia and Latvia, which have significant Russian-speaking populations. The author of this report analyzes the hybrid threat to the Baltics by dividing potential Russian aggression in three categories: nonviolent subversion, covert violent action, and conventional warfare supported by subversion. The author finds that, given the growing integration of Russian speakers and

Populism in Europe and Its Russian Love Affair

By Dalibor Rohac, Edit Zgut, Lóránt Győri, American Enterprise Institute Key Points Populism is on the rise across Europe, often with help from Russian propaganda. Because of its corrosive effects on confidence in NATO, EU, and democratic politics at large, the growth of populism is of immediate interest to US policymakers. The historical record suggests that support for populists rises after financial crises, which result in sluggish economic recoveries. Therefore,

Russian Information Campaign Against Ukrainian State And Defence Forces

The report was executed for the NATO StratCom COE by the Centre for Applied Research under the Estonian National Defence College. The objective of this research is to identify how the Russian media portrays the Ukrainian military and security structures, including the policies of the Kiev government and their ‘collaboration’ with the West. The research group looks at how messages disseminated in the media attempt to construct attitudes and advocate

The Dynamics of Russia’s Information Activities against Ukraine during the Syria Campaign

Abstract Two major geopolitical conflicts are at the core of this research. Military conflict in Syria and the related rise of terrorism carried out by Daesh, in both the region and beyond, pose an enormous policy challenge for the governments of the United States of America (US) and Europe. Simultaneously, Russia faces sanctions after it annexed Crimea – the biggest and most serious geopolitical violation of national borders in the

Shades of Red Putinism: Pro-Russian far-left parties in Europe

By Lóránt Győri, Péter Krekó, for The Riga Conference While a lot of attention has been dedicated to the relationship between Moscow and the far-right parties in Europe,[1] this paper aims to shed some light on the opposite side of the political spectrum. Despite increasingly promoting conservatism, traditionalism, and family values,[2] and defining Russia as a global “moral compass” built on those values,[3] the Putin regime seem to reboot the

Russia’s disinformation activities and counter-measures in the Czech republic lessons for Georgia

Description The policy research paper by Tornike Zurabashvili for The Clarion, with financial support of the Black Sea Trust of the German Marshall Fund. Lessons learned in the Czech Republic in countering Russian propaganda and recommendations for Georgia. Published by The Clarion, project of the United Nations Association of Georgia ( Clarion Brief Zurabashvili Czech Counter-propaganda by The Clarion on Scribd By The Clarion

Rise of the fact-checker – a new democratic institution?

All across Europe, more and more independent fact-checking sites are launched to counter the move towards what some see as a post-fact or post-truth society. A new report by the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism surveys the diverse and fast-changing landscape of fact-checking outlets in Europe. The report argues that independent fact-checking can help combat misinformation in public life, provided they can find funding for their work, either

The Kremlin’s Trojan Horses

Read the Publication (PDF) By Alina Polyakova, Marlene Laruelle, Stefan Meister, and Neil Barnett, Atlantic Council “Since Putin’s return to power in 2012, the Kremlin has accelerated its efforts to resurrect the arsenal of ‘active measures’…” writes Dr. Alina Polyakova in The Kremlin’s Trojan Horses: Russian Influence in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, a new report from the Atlantic Council’s Dinu Patriciu’s Eurasia Center. Western European democracies are not

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